Chinese mandarin is a rather demanding plant in terms of water intake. Especially in the first phase of growth, constant and regular irrigation must be ensured without fluctuations or exaggeration. Growing it in pots we will have to verify the position and, if in the chosen location it does not receive the rains because for example it is under a porch, we will have to intervene artificially every time the earth dries on the surface. Watering must always be generous, but excess water must drain completely to avoid the formation of stagnation that could damage the plant. Chinese mandarin grown outdoors should be watered if atmospheric precipitation is not enough. Every week we will make sure that the plant receives the necessary irrigation that we will intensify when the first flowers come out.
Chinese mandarin can be grown from seed only if we have specific gardening knowledge, so that it can be grafted later, to produce a precise variety. Otherwise it is better to buy a plant already grown by a shopkeeper or at a nursery. We will be able to choose a Chinese mandarin that already presents the fruits, having only to repot when necessary. During the growth of the plant we will have to prune it using a sharp tool, so as not to ruin it. The best month for this operation is May and we will intervene by severing severely the dry branches that do not have flowers. We can also try to give a better aesthetic appearance to the hair by pruning it according to personal taste. Pruning also allows for better ventilation.
The Chinese mandarin needs a light soil, able to perfectly drain the atmospheric precipitations and the irrigations without creating puddles. So we will have to prepare the land where we are going to transplant it in advance. We will do a digging and a vigorous digging, adding a fertilization of mature manure and home compost. We will then mix other soil and cover it, having verified that the substrate is soft. At the time of the transplant we will proceed with a further fertilization that will help the plant to resume the vegetation. The hole where we will place the plant must be at least twice the length of earth contained in the pot. We will plant Chinese mandarin and gently soften the surface. As for the cultivation inside the pots, instead, we will have to repot every 3 years at the end of spring.
Chinese Mandarin: Climate and adversity
Chinese mandarin also grows quite well in our climate, although it is a plant that comes from Asian countries. It can be successfully grown both in coastal and hilly areas, at all latitudes of the Italian peninsula. However, where the climate is more rigid, it is better to choose the cultivation inside the pots. Temperatures below zero could irreparably damage Chinese mandarin and even icy winds are poorly tolerated. So it is recommended to protect the plant with a special gardening fabric and to collect it in a more temperate and repaired place. In southern Italy, on the other hand, it is possible to cultivate the plant directly in the house without any particular precautions. The ideal location is full sun. To combat the main adversities it is possible to buy specific pesticide products, especially for the cochineal.